The Role of Exercise in Menstrual Health

The Role of Exercise in Menstrual Health


Physical activity holds a commanding role in the arena of overall health, and menstrual health is an important player in this game. Exercise can be an effective tool for managing menstrual symptoms and promoting cycle regularity. But, did you know it can also be tailored to meet the body's unique needs during each phase of the menstrual cycle? Let's dive into the relationship between exercise and menstrual health.

Exercise and Menstrual Health: A Complex Relationship

Exercise interacts with the body's physiology, offering multifaceted benefits for menstrual health. It helps regulate menstrual cycles, alleviate premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, reduce menstrual pain, and can play a role in the management of menstrual disorders like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Here's how:

Promoting Cycle Regularity

By helping to maintain a healthy weight, exercise can foster menstrual cycle regularity. Extreme weight (whether high or low) can cause menstrual irregularities. Regular physical activity, coupled with a balanced diet, can facilitate weight management and promote a healthy menstrual cycle.

Alleviating PMS Symptoms

PMS can bring about a raft of physical and emotional symptoms. Exercise can counter these effects by promoting the release of endorphins. These hormones can help to mitigate mood swings, anxiety, and feelings of depression often associated with PMS.

Reducing Menstrual Pain

Physical activity also holds the potential to decrease menstrual pain, known as dysmenorrhea. It boosts blood flow to the pelvic region, which may help to relieve cramps, while endorphins released during exercise act as natural painkillers.

Exercise Through the Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Different phases of the menstrual cycle can affect energy levels, mood, and physical comfort, making certain exercises more appealing and beneficial at specific times. Here are some recommendations for each phase:

Menstrual Phase (Days 1-5): Gentle yoga or stretching can help relieve cramps and promote relaxation during this time.

Follicular Phase (Days 6-14): As energy levels start to rise, gradually reintroduce more vigorous activities like running, swimming, or weight training.

Ovulation (Day 14-15): This period typically comes with a peak in energy levels, making it an ideal time for high-intensity workouts.

Luteal Phase (Days 16-28): As this phase progresses, energy levels and mood can fluctuate. Listen to your body and adjust your workout accordingly. Light jogging, walking, or pilates might be good options.


Understanding the integral role of exercise in menstrual health enables women to take an active role in managing their wellbeing. While general advice encourages regular physical activity, women can also adapt their exercise routine according to their menstrual cycle, meeting their body's unique needs during each phase. Remember, the most effective exercise is one you enjoy and can commit to regularly.

Discover more about menstrual health, wellness tips, and products tailored for your comfort on our website.


*Mayo Clinic

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